Agra, Delhi as 200 km to the north, is located on the right bank of the Yamuna, Agra except long remained a city without importance. But when it became the capital of Sikandar Lodi, she will climb first with Babur, winner of Lodi in 1526, which will make the capital of the Mughal empire. Agra reach its peak during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan who will develop its architectural tradition to Taj mahal, ultimate degree of perfection of Mughal art. After the departure of Aurangzeb in Delhi, Agra lose its splendor and become a small provincial town of British India.
The Taj Mahal is one of the most attractive tourist sites in the world. Regarded as the most extravagant monument ever built for love, that sublime Mughal mausoleum has become the tourist emblem of India. Rabindranath Tagore for the first noble laureate of India, Taj Mahal was « a teardrop on the cheek of time »
This imposing fort and palace of red sandstone, was built by Emperor Akbar on the west bank of river Yamuna. The palace is dotted with gardens built by Jehangir. The strong peaks at a height of 20 meters, and its walls that surround it are 24 km long. Entrance is possible only through the Amar Singh Gate.
The tomb of Itmad-ud-daulah
North of the fort, on the opposite bank of the river Yamuna, lies the tomb of Itmad-ud-daulah, built in memory of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, Jahangirs Wazir. Also known as the Taj baby, it was the first Mughlai structure completely built of marble and the first to use the technique of pietra dura.
4 km north of Agra, on the road to Delhi, Sikandra worth a stop to visit the tomb of Akbar: a colossal red sandstone mausoleum topped by a marble pavilion. It differs from Agra monuments by his Hindu architecture associated with the Indo Islamic architecture, the carved stone according to technical and Hindu decorative elements.
Built in 1648 AD by Jehanara Begum, daughter of Shahjahah in memory Sheikh Chisth. The architecture of lajid is Iranian style. This rectangular building is composed of sandstone domes and has only one opening.